Research & Development

From the beginning, research & development has been one of the driving forces of what we do. Our R&D team works with some of the world's most distinguished scientists, creating a strong, professional network and building knowledge in bio-technology, dermatology and marine cosmetology.

Key R&D projects are:

  • Basic research on Blue Lagoon geothermal seawater and its elements (i.e. microbial community, silica and minerals)
  • Comprehensive screening of actives
  • Efficacy and clinical studies on Blue Lagoon’s healing power
  • Development of harvesting and processing methods of Blue Lagoon actives
  • Development of Blue Lagoon skincare products and treatments

The Blue Lagoon research & development centre is located in the heart of Svartsengi Resource Park and powered with renewable geothermal energy. Blue Lagoon uses green production methods in harvesting the natural and unique Blue Lagoon active ingredients: geothermal seawater, silica, minerals and algae.

Scientific work is an important part of what we do. Various studies and researches on the Blue Lagoon, its ecosystem and healing effects, have been published. The following is an overview of these studies:



Gudmundsdóttir Á.B., Ómarsdóttir S., Brynjólfsdóttir Á., Paulsen B.S., Ólafsdóttir E.S., Freysdóttir J. (2015) Exopolysaccharides from Cyanobacterium aponinum from the Blue Lagoon in Iceland increase IL-10 secretion by human dendritic cells and their ability to reduce the IL-17+RORt+/IL-10+FoxP3+ ratio in CD4+ T cells. Immunology Letters, 163, 157-160.
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Svavarsson H. G., Einarsson S., Brynjolfsdóttir Á. (2014) Adsorption applications of unmodified geothermal silica. Geothermics, 50, 30-34.
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Eysteinsdóttir J.H., Ólafsson J.H., Agnarsson B. A., Lúðvíksson B. R. & Sigurgeirsson B. (2013) Psoriasis treatment: faster and long-standing results after bathing in geothermal seawater. A randomized trial of three UVB phototherapy regimens.  Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine.
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Eysteinsdóttir J. H., Sigurgeirsson B., Ólafsson J. H., Fridriksson Th., Agnarsson B. A., Davíðsson S., Valdimarsson H., Lúðvíksson B. R. (2013) The Role of Th17/Tc17 Peripheral Blood T cells in Psoriasis and Their Positive Therapeutic Response. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 78 (6), 529-537. 
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Pétursdóttir S. K., Björnsdóttir S. H., Hreggviðsson G. O., Hjörleifsdóttir S. & Kristjánsson J.K. (2009) Analysis  of the unique geothermal microbioal ecosystem of the Blue Lagoon. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 70, 425-432.
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Johnston, A., Árnadóttir S., Guðjónsson J. E., Aphale A., Sigmarsdóttir A. A., Gunnarsson S. I., STeinsson J. T., Elder J.T., & Valdimarsson H. (2008) Obesity in psoriasis: leptin and resistin as mediators of cutaneous inflammation. British Journal of Dermatology 159, 342-350.
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Grether-Beck S., Mühlberg K., Brenden H., Felsner I., Brynjólfsdóttir Á., Einarsson S and Krutmann J. (2007)  Bioactive molecules from the Blue Lagoon: in vitro and in vivo assessment of silica mud and microalgae extracts for their effects on skin barrier function and prevention of skin ageing. Experimental Dermatology.
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Pétursdóttir K. S., Kristjánsson J. K. (1997).Silicibacter lacuscaerulensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a mosphilic moderately halophilic bacterium characteristic of the Blue Lagoon geothermal lake in Iceland. Extremophiles. 1(2), 94-99. 
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Pétursdóttir S. K., Kristjánsson J. K. (1996).The relationship between physical and chemical conditions and low microbial diversity in the Blue Lagoon geothermal lake in Iceland. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 19(1), 39-45.
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Ólafsson J. H., Sigurgeirsson B. & Pálsdóttir R. (1996). Psoriasis Treatment: Bathing in a Thermal Lagoon combined with UVB, versus UVB Treatment only. Acta Derm Venereol 76, 228-230.
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Ólafsson J. H., Sigurgeirsson B., Pálsdóttir R. (1994). The effect bathing in a thermal lagoon in Iceland has on psoriasis. A preliminary study. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venerology 3, 460-464.
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Suryata I., Svavarsson H. G., Einarsson S., Brynjólfsdóttir Á., Maliga G. (2010). Geothermal CO2 bio-mitigation techniques by utilizing microalgae at the Blue Lagoon, Iceland. Proceedings, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California.
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Guðmundsdóttir M., Brynjólfsdóttir Á., Albertsson A. (2010) The History of the Blue Lagoon in Svartsengi Proceedings World Geothermal Congress.
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Arnardottir H., Brynjolfsdottir A, Albertsson A and Svavarsson H. G. (2015). Biomass Production Using Geothermal Flue Gas at the Blue Lagoon, Iceland. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 Melbourne, Australia.
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Svavarsson H. G, Arnardottir H., Einarsson S., Albertsson A., Brynjólfsdóttir Á.(2015) Applications of Unmodified Geothermal Silica for Protein Extraction. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 Melbourne, Australia.
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The production of the exclusive Blue Lagoon active ingredients takes place at the company's innovative green production center located at the Blue Lagoon area, in the center of the Svartsengi Resource Park.

Algae production

Blue Lagoon has long-held experience in the production of microalgae and microalgae extracts for use in cosmetics. The company is active in microalgae research through the screening of new types of algae in the geothermal area, which produce valuable ingredients for use in cosmetics, nutritionals, fish feeding, lipid production and the production of bio fuel. Blue Lagoon has the exclusive right to research microorganisms on the Reykjanes peninsula.

Production takes place in Blue Lagoon's biotechnology centre, located in the heart of the Svartsengi Resource Park. The production process is environmentally friendly and controlled – using a tubular bioreactor system and renewable green energy directly from natural geothermal sources.

Two types of  Blue Lagoon algae, filamentous and coccoid, are produced in the biotechnology centre for use in our Blue Lagoon skin care range. Scientific studies of the geothermal seawater have shown that the microbial community is unique, as 60% of the organisms are novel on a species level. Blue Lagoon algae is among these.

There is a new project, which is a co-operation between HS Orka hf. and Blue Lagoon, on the utilisation of ‘raw’ geothermal gas/carbon dioxide from HS Orka´s geothermal energy plant in Svartsengi to grow micro algae. Blue Lagoon will also experiment with different algae types for lipid production and utilisation in cosmetics, nutritionals, fish feeding and, in the future, biofuel. The project is supported by the National Energy Fund.

Silica production

Blue Lagoon silica is a natural product harvested with sustainable, carbon emission free methods. It is harvested from silica rich Blue Lagoon geothermal seawater via precipitation. It is then used in cosmetics as an active ingredient for strengthening the skin barrier, skin renewing and deep cleansing.

Production takes place in Blue Lagoon's harvesting centre in the heart of Svartsengi Resource Park. The process is powered by renewable geothermal energy.

Blue Lagoon silica is the most characteristic element of our geothermal seawater. This pure, white silica is a dissolved primary rock, brought directly from the Earth's mantle and enriched with essential minerals. One form of Blue Lagoon silica is a white mud known for its healing power and anti-ageing effect. It is an important element of the treatment offered at the Blue Lagoon Dermatology Clinic. Silica mud is the star product of the Blue Lagoon skincare line.